Vikalp, the other Indian Film Festival
Bombay, Feb 8, 2004 - Fed up with a film establishment they see as refusing to take risks, a small band of Indian documentary makers are staging their own festival tackling issues of violence and sexuality that rarely make it to the big screens of Bombay.
The event, called Vikalp, meaning "alternative," was created in frustration at the film choices of the ongoing Mumbai International Film Festival, which is sponsored by the Indian government. Organisers of the official festival for documentaries and animated films, a key event on the Bombay cinema calendar, sparked outrage in August when they proposed that all entries be screened by the government censor board. The festival backed off the proposal but then rejected more than 30 films with the explanation that they had "uncomfortable" content.
Angry directors of some of the documentaries that were rejected decided to put together their own festival. Among the works being screened at Vikalp is "The Final Solution" by Rakesh Sharma, an unflinching look at the ferocity of anti-Muslim riots in Gujarat state in 2002. "The Final Solution," which prompted walkouts in preview screenings in India, features graphic accounts of the mass rapes of women by mobs during the bloodbath that left some 2,000 people dead. The riots broke out after a Muslim mob torched a train, killing 59 Hindus. Human rights groups say Gujarat's government, led by India's ruling Hindu nationalists, did little to stop vigilante attacks.
"The Final Solution," which is being screened at the Berlin film festival, made its debut in India at the World Social Forum, the strategy meeting of 100,000 anti-globalisation activists held in Bombay from January 16 to 21.
Appropriately enough, the alternative film festival is taking place in the organisational office of the World Social Forum in Bombay, just around the corner from the more mainstream event. "We didn't want to call for a complete boycott of the Mumbai International Film Festival as there is some good cinema being exhibited there, but we also want to offer people a choice," said Anand Patwardhan, filmmaker and and organiser of Vikalp. "This is the reason we found a venue practically across the street. People should be given the freedom to decide," he said.
Some of the 56 films at Vikalp dealt frankly with issues of gender and sexuality. The alternative event, which closes Monday, has won some converts. One group of university students from the southern Indian city of Hyderabad who had come for the International Film Festival decided instead to spend their time at Vikalp. "This interested us more. We've also just brought out a magazine on censorship, so this is more relevant for us," said Divya Sharma, a mass communication student.
Vikalp is being run on a miniscule budget, which organisers put at no more than 100,000 rupees, or 2,200 dollars. Each filmmaker has been asked to contribute 1,000 rupees (22 dollars). Those taking part in the shoestring operation believe the festival has a future in India, whose dominant film industry, Bollywood, is notorious for its hackneyed plots and big-budget advertising blitzes. "We know it's something that needs to happen again," said Sharma, the maker of "The Final Solution."
"Vikalp will definitely continue next year -- maybe in other cities and maybe even bigger."
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